ANIMAL / PET FOODS MARKET : INGREDIENTS
— Acetic acid.
— Citric acid.
— Lactic acid.
- ANTIFOAMS = see chart in “THE FOOD INGREDIENT DIGEST”.
- CALCIUM CARBONATE = calcium supplement & buffering agent.
- CALCIUM OXIDE = calcium supplement & neutralizer.
- CALCIUM SULFATE = calcium supplement & neutralizer.
- CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE = CMC is a binder and lubricant in extruded pet foods.
- DIATOMACEOUS EARTH: Diatomaceous earth is a natural insecticide for some pet foods.
- FLOW ENHANCERS: additives used in animal meal-type products to improve flowability in handling, processing, bagging and pouring. Some common examples of flow agents include sepiolite, zeolite and flaked oats that are used when meal products include high levels of hydroscopic dairy ingredients which have a natural attraction to water and a tendency to clump together. Flow agents have an inclusion rate upwards of 1 percent of the final product which dilutes the nutrient density of the finished product. Mineral oil is added in dried whey to improve its flowability, but this often lowers feed intake as it makes the animal feel full.
- IRON OXIDES: natural & synthetic colorants from red-brown, black-orange to yellows. Iron-based colorants may promote E. coli growth in the digestive tract in some young animals.
- MAGNESIUM CARBONATE = magnesium supplement & buffering agent.
- MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE = magnesium supplement & neutralizer.
- MAGNESIUM OXIDE = magnesium supplement & neutralizer.
- MICOTOXIN BINDERS: compounds like activated charcoal; aluminosilicates; clay based products (bentonites, zeolites, etc…); enzymatic deactivators; yeast cell derivatives and preparations that inactivate mycotoxins produced by molds present in raw materials and finished feed. Mycotoxin binders do not inhibit growth of molds and they are used in areas known to be affected by mold infestation, especially around harvest time.
- PELLET BINDERS: are used to improve structure of pellets to minimize dusting of animal feeds. The most common pellet binders include molasses, clays, starches and various lignin and hemi-cellulose products. Adding whey protein concentrate or wheat in a maize-soybean meal based diet usually improves pellet quality.
- PROPYLENE GLYCOL = PG is typically used a as humectant, carrier or solvent in human foods like: liquid sweeteners , ice cream (lowers freeze point), whipped dairy products and soda or coffee-based drinks; and dog treats/food extrusions as a humectant to keep treats soft. Propylene glycol is NOT APPROVED by FDA for use in any cat foods or cat treats. Cats with excessive amounts of ingested propylene glycol may show signs of: loss of coordination, muscle twitching, excessive thirst, excessive urination and depression. Take cat immediately to Veterinarian if you believe cat ingested this product.
- STEARATES= lubricant, emulsifier, binding agent, release agent.
- Calcium Stearate = binding agent + emulsifier in animal/pet food.
- Magnesium Stearate = same as above.
- TITANIUM DIOXIDE: opacifier, white pigment and coloring-tint agent in dry dog and cat foods — typically extrusions with some being pressed into patty or burger shapes.
- VITAMINS: see complete chart in “THE FOOD INGREDIENT DIGEST”.
- WAXES: extrusion aids / lubricants for animal feed & food pellets.
- ZINC OXIDE: Dietary supplement as a feed additive.
NOTE: MORE DETAILED PRODUCT INFORMATION IS FOUND IN “THE FOOD INGREDIENT DIGEST”.